Turkey Travel Guide


For many years, Turkey has been the geographical bridge between the West and East which lead to the country’s rich heritage. Millions of tourists flock here to get a glimpse of the Byzantine monasteries, ancient Roman ruins, Ottoman palaces and diverse geographical landscapes. 

With more than 5,000 miles of coastline along three seas, it’s not had to find the turquoise-blue waters and soft sandy beaches. The hot air balloon rides in Cappadocia are stunning, the hot springs of Pamukkale are mesmerizing, and Antalya, Olympos, and Kas are beyond beautiful. This country is perfect for all types of people from backpackers to luxury travelers.

Turkey Travel Guide Contents

Important Info   |   Best Time to Visit   |   Things to Do   |   What to Eat   |   Typical Budget

Travel Tips   |   What to Pack   |   Turkey Articles   |   Book Now

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Important Information About Turkey

Turkey at a Glance: Turkey is a nation in the Middle East known as the gateway between the East and the West. It geographical location has earned Turkey a rich history with connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. The country boasts thousands of miles of pristine coastline, placid lakes, majestic mountain ranges, and undulating steppes.

Most popular places to visit in Turkey:

  • Cappadocia: Setting foot in this region is like stepping into your very own fairy tail. Hot air balloon rides and sleeping in a cave hotel are all part of the magic.

  • Istanbul: The capital city spanning two continents with the Bosphorus Straight flowing through the middle. You will find a diverse culture here with the merge of Islam and Christianity. 

  • Bodrum: Dubbed the “St. Tropez of Turkey”, the city of Bodrum is a summer hot spot and idyllic beach destination on the turquoise-blue Aegean coast.

Currency in Turkey: Turkish Lira, 2019 Conversion Rate: 1 TRY = $0.17 USD

Tipping in Turkey: Tipping in Turkey is discretionary, but expected. However, you shouldn’t tip for subpar service. You can tip restaurants between 5-10% and hotel porters 4-5 TRY per bag. Concierges can be given more or less 15 TRY. As for taxis, simply round up your fare to an even number if you wish. It is not expected or customary to tip drivers.

 Language & Helpful Phrases: Turkish 

  • Hello = Merhaba
  • Thank you = Teşekkür
  • Beer = Bira
  • Delicious = Lezzetli
  • Bathroom =  Banyo
  • How much? = Ne kadar?
  • Too expensive = Çok pahalı
  • Don’t want = İstemiyorum

Religion and Culture: For centuries, Turkey has been home to Islam, Judaism and Christianity. It’s culture combines a diverse set of elements taken from the Central Asian region, Eastern Mediterranean, Eastern Europe and Caucasian traditions, particularly in the capital city of Istanbul.

Transportation around Turkey: If you want the fastest transportation around the country, opt for flying. However, the bus system in Turkey is a well-maintained, comfortable and more affordable option if you have the time. If you’re in Istanbul, the extensive public transportation system makes it easy to get around with a combination of trains, buses and ferries. Uber does show up in the city, but is technically illegal and will be a challenge to meet your driver for an airport pick up.

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Best Time to Visit Turkey

For an in-depth guide on the regional seasons, weather patterns and other factors, check out our complete guide to the best time to visit Turkey. We’ve also listed out some of the basics below to give you a general idea.

Climate in Turkey

As the 37th largest country in the world, Turkey’s climates vary significantly depending on what part of the country you are in. This makes the country a great destination to be visited all year round.

  • Spring: May to mid-June (April can be very rainy)

  • Summer: mid-June to mid-September 

  • Autumn: mid-September to October (rain may start by October)

  • Winter: November to February

Peak season for tourists in Istanbul and Cappadocia is during the spring and autumn months. On the other hand, seaside resorts are at their peak during summer.

Times to avoid traveling in Turkey

Avoid going to the seaside resorts during mid-summer since prices are at their peak and it can be really crowded.

Major Festivals in Turkey

  • Istanbul Film Festival, April: This is a 10-day long event where the best national and international films are celebrated.

  • Antalya International Folk Music and Dance Festival Competition, August : For various performances of folk music and dance around the world, this is a must watch festival.

  • Republic Day, October: Republic Day is a public holiday that aims to commemorate the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in the year 1923.

  • Istanbul Music and Jazz Festival, April: If you love classical and jazz music, don’t miss this festival. 

*These festivals follow the Lunar calendar, so the exact dates vary each year.

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Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Top Things to Do in Turkey

Take a dip in thermal hot springs in Pamukkale

The thermal hot springs consist of natural terraced pools filled with milky mineral waters. From photos, the white mineral deposits make it look like you are stepping on a snow-covered hill. Soak, splash and relax in these unique springs.

Take a Turkish Cooking Class

If you love to eat, you should definitely take a cooking class while in Turkey. It is one of our favorite things to do when visiting a new country. There are many classes to choose from, but we’re pretty sure we found the best one in Istanbul.

Ride a hot air balloon in Cappadocia

Riding in a hot air balloon is the ultimate bucket list experience, and Cappadocia is one of the world’s top destinations for this adventure!

Go Paragliding over Ölüdeniz

Give paragliding a try, soaring above the lush cliffs that hug the Mediterranean in this picturesque seaside town.

Roast marshmallows over the eternal flame of chimera

Turkey has eternal flames called Chimera which burn naturally in the Cirali mountains. The methane gas seeping from the crevices of the mountain produce a flame that never dies. Enjoy a peaceful night under the stars while you and your friends are gathered around the flame roasting marshmallows.

Insider Tip: Don’t forget to stock up on marshmallows, roasting sticks and some wine before going and make sure you don’t leave any trash afterwards.

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Best Foods to Eat in Turkey

There are many types of Turkish cuisine specifically Anatolian, Istanbul and Ottoman cuisine.These are the mixture of Middle Eastern, Central Asian and Balkan cuisines. As such, it can be hard to fit all Turkish cuisine into a small list.

Here are some of our favorites:

  • Sulejmanje Soup: This is a soup named after a sultan. After getting baked to perfection, it’s topped with mint, yogurt and a butter-chili mixture.

  • Karnıyarık : This dish is a must try. It consists of fried eggplants with onion, minced meat, garlic, parsley and tomato filling.

  • Kurufasulye: The Turks love this one. You can cook these beans on their own or add some meat for a taste. Sometimes dried spiced thin slices of beef can be added. It is often served with pickles and sauerkraut, as well as plain rice.

  • Borecik: This pastry is stuffed with a mix of meat and onions, then curled up to look like a cinnamon roll. It’s baked and topped with yogurt, mint and a butter-chili mixture.

  • Circassian Style Chicken: Made from spices, fresh herbs, garlic, dried bread, yogurt and shredded chicken, this chicken salad is one tasty dish!

  • Baked Pumpkin Dessert: Who knew vanilla, sugar and cloves are the perfect complements to pumpkin?

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Typical Budget for Turkey

Turkey is less expensive compared to other European countries but not as cheap as some Asian countries. Depending on your accommodation and food choices, you can have a bit of flexibility when it comes to your budget. 

How Much to Budget in Turkey Per Day

Budget traveler: If you are on a tight budget and watch your spending closely, $24 – $40 could be a sufficient budget.

Mid-range traveler: If you want to have a few splurges and stay in nicer accommodation, plan to budget $50 per day.

Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Dorm bed = $5-$15

Budget room = $20

Mid-range = $40

Luxury hotel = $70+

Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Street food = $2-$5

Mid-range restaurant = $5-$10

Fancy restaurant = $10-$15

Local beer = $1.15-$5

Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Long distance bus tickets = $30-$60 

Tram = $1

Ferry between islands = $4

Taxi = $3-$14 for a ride within the city

Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Haghia Sophia Museum = $14 

Hot Air Ballooning in Cappadocia = $150-$300

Cooking class with Cookistan = $110

Hammam = $24-$85

Basilica Cistern = $7

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

Responsible Travel Tips for Turkey

We are passionate about sharing tips anyone can use to travel more responsibly. Here are some easy ways you can travel better in Turkey.

1. Shop local

If you’re going to buy souvenirs, buy from local artisans and not the big shops. Also, shop at local food markets. This will help support the livelihood of the locals.

2. Bring reusable bags

Whenever you travel, always bring your reusable bags with you and politely refuse plastic bags when shopping. This helps reduce plastic waste and conserve water.

3. Say no to straws

Did you know that one of the top 10 items collected in beach cleanups are straws? Make it a habit to order your iced coffees and smoothies without straws, or bring your own reusable bamboo or metal straw. 

4. Use public transportation

Whenever possible, minimize your impact on the environment by hopping on the train, metro or bus. 

5. Order food wisely

Try not to waste food and order only what you can eat. Start slow, you can always order more if you’re still hungry.

Related Article: 36 Responsible Travel Tips

Turkey Travel Guide | Two Wandering Soles

What to Pack for Turkey

Packing for a vacation is always exciting. You get tempted to fit your entire wardrobe into your backpack. If you’re going to Turkey, the best is to pack light.

Here are some specific items we’d recommend packing for Turkey:

Ultimate Long Term Packing List

Turkey Articles

If you’re planning a trip to Turkey, we’ve got you covered with the articles below including travel guides and tips on where to go and what to do while you’re there.

20 Fun and Unusual Things to Do in Cappadocia, Turkey

With endless outdoor adventures and a rich cultural heritage, Cappadocia is a place that travelers dream of visiting all year round. After visiting this bucket list destination, we put together a list of the best things to do in Cappadocia. In this article, you’ll find all sorts of insider tips...

37 Unique & Fun Things to Do in Istanbul

With incredible food, a merging of cultures and a charming mix of old and new, Istanbul has no shortage of unique and fun things to do. We’ve put together a list of our favorite things to do in Istanbul, from the must-do activities that headline all guidebooks, to the lesser-known...

Cappadocia Cave Hotels: Where to Stay for Every Budget

Trying to figure out where to stay in Cappadocia can be overwhelming! We’ve got you covered with this breakdown of the best Cappadocia cave hotels for every budget. 

Best Time to Visit Turkey: When to Go & When to Avoid!

With so much to see and do in this country, it can be tricky trying to pick the best time to visit Turkey. We put together this guide to help you sort out when to visit and plan your trip to this unique and unforgettable country.

25 Epic Places to Visit In Türkiye: Must-Sees & Hidden Gems

As the gateway between Europe and Asia, Turkey is a country where East meets West and history meets adventure. We’ve put together a list of epic places to visit in Turkey (including fun things to do!) for the ultimate Turkey bucket list itinerary.

Renting a Car in Turkey: ULTIMATE Guide + Tips

Traveling with a car rental in Turkey is one of the best ways to explore the country to its fullest potential and extend your visit to the untouched corners of this stunning Anatolian paradise. In this guide, we dish out everything you’ll want to know about renting a car in...

Is it Safe to Travel in Turkey Right Now?

With terrorist-related bombings happening on a regular basis in Turkey, many people are wondering the same thing: "Is it safe to visit Turkey right now?" We do our best to share how we felt while exploring this country amid travel warnings.

55 Turkey Travel Pictures That Will Spark Wanderlust

We dare you to look at these photos and not fall in love with Turkey! I don't think it can be done

Sleeping in a Cave: Kelebek Special Cave Hotel

There really is no other place like the town of Göreme, famous for its “fairy chimney” rock formations. These tall and thin spires of rock that were once homes to people living in this region now attract visitors from all around the world, many of which are looking to stay...

Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon Ride with Turkiye Balloons

Taking a hot air balloon ride has been on our bucket list for years. Come with us as we float over the dream-like landscape of Cappadocia. You might be planning a trip to Turkey after reading our story and seeing these pictures!

Best Cooking Class in Istanbul: Cookistan

Turkish cuisine is more than just kebabs! The cooking course we took in Istanbul was one of the best we've taken anywhere in the world. Find out why! Caution: pictures and descriptions may cause drooling.

Book Your Trip Now!

Here are some helpful links for booking your trip to Turkey…

To find the best airline deals: Skyscanner

Booking a rental car: Rentalcars.com

Bus routes throughout Turkey: 12goAsia

Finding tours in Turkey: Get Your Guide

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Turkey Travel Guide
Turkey Travel Guide